A geographical map of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the Saharan area An oasis in the Ahaggar Mountains. Oases support some life forms in extremely arid deserts. It is one of three distinct physiographic provinces of the African massive physiographic division.
In this article we will discuss about: Location of Mediterranean Climate 2. Temperature of Mediterranean Climate 3. Air Pressure and Winds 4. Location of Mediterranean Climate: The Mediterranean climate or biome is also called as sclerophyll ecosystem or biome because of the development of special features and characteristics in the dominant trees and shrubs to adapt to the typical environmental conditions of this climate-dry summer and wet winter.
Though the Mediterranean type of climate covers only 1. Thus, these areas come under the domain of westerlies in winter season. Temperature of Mediterranean Climate: In fact, the Mediterranean climate is considered as a resort climate because of its pleasant and comfortable winter season.
The Mediterrancean climate whether having coastal or inland location generally records temperature above freezing point during winter season as the average temperature of the coldest month ranges between 4. The mean January temperature is recorded as 7.
Sometimes, the temperature becomes so low at nights that frost occurs which is very much injurious to field crops.
The valleys and depressions have freezing to subfreezing temperatures in winter and hence valleys are avoided for sensitive crops like citrus fruits which are grown on hill slopes. It may be pointed out that occasional fall of temperature below freezing point is limited to a few minutes to a few hours only.
Red Bluff and Sacramento have recorded highest daily maximum temperatures of The night temperature during summer season falls to Daily and annual ranges increase from coastal areas to inland areas. It may be pointed out that temperatures of the Mediterranean climatic regions except those around Mediterranean Sea are largely affected by cool oceanic currents e.
Air Pressure and Winds of Mediterranean Climate: Sirocco local hot winds blow from Sahara northward picking red sands which are brought to Italy, Spain, southern France and Greece.
Summer winds are generally hot and dry. The westerlies are associated with temperate cyclones originating in the middle latitudes. Since the westerlies are associated with temperate cyclones and come from over sea surfaces and hence being moist give sufficient rainfall in the coastal areas.
Some local winds like Bora. Mistral cold winds etc. Precipitation of Mediterranean Climate: The summer season is almost dry. Because of moderate to scanty rainfall the mediterranean climate is called as subhumid climate.
The orographic rainfall is common in those coastal areas e. California which are backed by mountain ranges parallel to the coasts.
Though winter season is quite wet but the sky is seldom overcast for longer duration in continuation and thus abundant sunshine is available even during wet winter season.
January is the rainiest month in San Bernardino and Los Angeles but there are only 7 rainy days. January being the coldest month of Red Bluff receives Summer season is characterized by scanty rainfall, almost dry weather, clear skies, and bring sunshine.
Besides temporal variation, there is also spatial variation of rainfall. Generally, the amount of rainfall increases from south 24 cm at San Deigo, 29 cm at Los Angeles to north 58 cm at Sansfransisco in California.
The amount of soil- water increases during winter season because of winter and spring rainfall which is responsible for maximum growth in vegetation but dry summer season causes deficiency in the soil-water content because of loss of water and moisture due to increased evaporation and evapotranspiration because of substantial increase in temperature and of course due to general lack of rainfall during summer season.
Natural Vegetation of Mediterranean Climate:The native vegetation of Mediterranean climate lands must be adapted to survive long, hot summer droughts and prolonged wet periods in winter.
Mediterranean climate (Csa) is the most common form of the Mediterranean climate, therefore it is also known as a “typical Mediterranean climate”. As stated earlier, regions with this form of a. The Energy Racket. By Wade Frazier. Revised in June Introduction and Summary.
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A group of geologists have drawn my attention to the / Geological Society of London‘s statement on climate change and asked if I could arrange an on-line discussion about it. The lead author of the statements is Dr Colin Summerhayes who has participated as guest blogger and commenter on Energy Matters before.
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The Mediterranean Climate CONNIE BOTTENBERG, LOUIS SCHANUS, RYAN KLUSS, CHRISTOPHER KUBALL Northern Mediterranean a. Vegetation The Northern Mediterranean consists of the countries from Italy to Bulgaria.
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