An introduction to the effects of watching television

Spiritual effects of television and movies 1. Introduction to effects of television Television and movies are a way most people opt to both escape from their everyday problems, seek pleasure, as well as connect to the world in search for information and experiences. Given the universal appeal of television and movies we decided to study their effects at a spiritual level, both on the viewer, and their immediate environment. Among the questions we sought to answer were:

An introduction to the effects of watching television

See Article History Effects of television viewing on child developmenthighly contested topic within child development and psychology involving the consequences for children from the content of and the duration of their exposure to television TV programming. It is difficult to argue that youths are not affected by what is broadcast on television.

However, it is equally difficult to pinpoint particular shows or genres of programming as causing specific behaviours in children without considering the innumerable amount of alternate influences that may have an effect on their actions.

Some have argued that television clearly has negative effects on youths—such as violent programming resulting in children who are more fearful, more aggressive, or more insensitive to the suffering of others—whereas others believe that such effects are, at best, ambiguous.

Although it is uncertain which perspective is right or wrong, it is quite certain that the debate continues to galvanize social scientists, parents, and politicians in the United States and elsewhere.

In the Columbia Broadcasting System CBS sponsored a study conducted by Rutgers University that found that television increased family unity and cohesion, did not promote viewer passivity, and did not replace other valued diversions, such as outdoor activities and social interactions.

That landmark report was one of the first and most widely disseminated of its kind, and several more would follow in the forthcoming decade. Soon, however, questions were raised about whether television viewing decreased dialogue between children and parents and whether children could be expected to maintain academic progress as their average total viewing time increased to more than 20 hours a week.

Eventually, broadcasters capitalized upon those youthful watchers by developing targeted programs such as puppet shows and Saturday morning cartoons. Although those were highly popular, many children—especially those from households that provided minimal parental involvement in viewing choices—were also watching wrestling shows, TV westernsand mystery-crime dramas, all of which incorporated a significant amount of violence into their story lines.

That, in turn, raised even more concerns about the impact of television on American youth. Throughout the following decades, psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, and other social scientists have argued a number of different perspectives with respect to whether television violence facilitates or triggers violent behaviours in children.

Some believe that watching violence on television likely causes a significant number of children to behave violently. Others have agreed that this may be true but that it is so only with children already susceptible to exhibiting violence.

As a result, some have argued for tighter controls, either voluntary or legislative, concerning what should be allowed on the airwaves. Other potential effects The debate of whether violence on television begets violence in children may be the most-salient issue, but some social scientists argue that television programming has negative effects on children beyond promoting aggressive behaviour.

For example, television shows appear to perpetuate gender and racial stereotypes and offer young viewers a distorted perspective of how the world works and how people behave. Several studies have correlated television with deficits in attention and focus and have revealed negative correlations between test scores and the number of hours of programming watched.

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Health care professionals have also weighed in on the television debate. They believe that children who spend more time watching television are going to spend less time engaging in physical activity.

Additionally, psychologists argue that the large amount of time spent watching TV threatens the cohesiveness of the family. Despite all the negative influences attributed to television, some commentators note that the medium can have a positive effect on youths.

For instance, television programs are quite commonly used in school classrooms, and teachers may use educational videos or segments recorded from network broadcasts to accentuate their lessons and provide learning avenues for children with different learning styles.

Policy issues Because of the television-viewing habits of youths, some legislators have advocated for stricter regulation of what is shown on TV.

An introduction to the effects of watching television

In the United States inCongress mandated that V-chipsdevices that parents can use to block programming inappropriate for children, be installed in every television set produced after Studies indicate that most parents do not use the V-chip, which may render the effects of such legislation negligible.

Although members of the television-broadcasting community have been largely compliant in providing ratings and guidelines for their shows, they generally challenge governmental attempts to restrict their product. In essence, they argue that television is part of the free-enterprise system, and any attempt to control its content violates constitutional principles.

They argue that their programming reflects events and actions already taking place in the world and is not their cause. Critics of that position argue that most countries have laws that ensure that television programming is regulated in order to make certain that what is aired does not contradict laws guarding against public indecency and obscenity.Television's Impact on Kids Television According to the Active Healthy Kids Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, Canadian youth ages average about six hours of screen time per day, with TV programs (watched on a variety of different screens) accounting for much of this time.

The exposure of American children and adolescents to television continues to exceed the time they spend in the classroom: 15 hours versus 12 hours by the time they graduate.1 According to recent Nielsen data, the average child and/or adolescent watches an average of nearly three hours of television per day.2These numbers have not .

Television's Impact on Kids Television According to the Active Healthy Kids Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth, Canadian youth ages average about six hours of screen time per day, with TV programs (watched on a variety of different screens) accounting for much of this time.

Television is a system for transmitting visual images and sound that are reproduced on screens, chiefly used to broadcast programs for entertainment, information, and education. The television set has become a commonplace in many households, businesses, and institutions.

It is a major vehicle for. 1. Introduction to effects of television. Television and movies are a way most people opt to both escape from their everyday problems, seek pleasure, as well as connect to the world in search for information and experiences. May 19,  · Introduction: Television (TV) viewing by children may be linked to a range of adverse health and behavioral outcomes.

This study was aimed at examining the relationship between socioeconomic factors of families and TV watching behavior .

Watching television by kids: How much and why?