Biography of ben jonson essay

American Book Company, About nine years after the birth of Shakespeare his greatest successor in the English drama was born in London. Jonson outlived Shakespeare twenty-one years and helped to usher in the decline of the drama.

Biography of ben jonson essay

Biography of ben jonson essay

In midlife, Jonson claimed that his paternal grandfather, who 'served King Henry 8 and was a gentleman', [7] was a member of the extended Johnston family of Annandale in the Dumfries and Gallowaya genealogy that is attested by the three spindles rhombi in the Jonson family coat of arms: Jonson's father lost his property, was imprisoned, and suffered forfeiture under Queen Mary ; having become a clergyman upon his release, he died a month before his son's birth.

In the event, the pupil and the master became friends, and the intellectual influence of Camden's broad-ranging scholarship upon Jonson's art and literary style remained notable, until Camden's death in On leaving Westminster School, Jonson was to have attended the University of Cambridgeto continue his book learning but did not, because of his unwilled apprenticeship to his bricklayer stepfather.

After having been an apprentice bricklayer, Ben Jonson went to the Netherlands and volunteered to soldier with the English regiments of Francis Vere — in Flanders.

The Hawthornden Manuscriptsof the conversations between Ben Jonson and the poet William Drummond of Hawthornden [3] —report that, when in Flanders, Jonson engaged, fought and killed an enemy soldier in single combatand took for trophies the weapons of the vanquished soldier.

Moreover, byhe was a working playwright employed by Philip Henslowethe leading producer for the English public theatre; by the next year, the production of Every Man in His Humour had established Jonson's reputation as a dramatist.

The identity of Jonson's wife has always been obscure, yet she sometimes is identified as "Ann Lewis", the woman who married a Benjamin Jonson inat the church of St Magnus-the-Martyrnear London Bridge.

Martin's Church registers indicate that Mary Jonson, their eldest daughter, died in Novemberat six months of age. Moreover, 32 years later, a second son, also named Benjamin Jonson, died in An undated comedy, The Case is Alteredmay be his earliest surviving play.

Jonson was jailed in Marshalsea Prison and charged with "Leude and mutynous behaviour", while Nashe managed to escape to Great Yarmouth.

Two of the actors, Gabriel Spenser and Robert Shaw, were also imprisoned. A year later, Jonson was again briefly imprisoned, this time in Newgate Prisonfor killing Gabriel Spenser in a duel on 22 September in Hogsden Fields [11] today part of Hoxton.

Tried on a charge of manslaughterJonson pleaded guilty but was released by benefit of clergy[3] a legal ploy through which he gained leniency by reciting a brief bible verse the neck-verseforfeiting his 'goods and chattels' and being branded on his left thumb.

William Shakespeare was among the first actors to be cast.

Ben Jonson

Jonson followed this in with Every Man out of His Humoura pedantic attempt to imitate Aristophanes. It is not known whether this was a success on stage, but when published it proved popular and went through several editions. It satirised both John Marstonwho Jonson believed had accused him of lustfulness in Histriomastixand Thomas Dekker.

Jonson attacked the two poets again in Poetaster Dekker responded with Satiromastixsubtitled "the untrussing of the humorous poet".

Jonson collaborated with Dekker on a pageant welcoming James I to England in although Drummond reports that Jonson called Dekker a rogue.

Marston dedicated The Malcontent to Jonson and the two collaborated with Chapman on Eastward Hoa play whose anti-Scottish sentiment briefly landed both Jonson and Chapman in jail. Jonson quickly adapted himself to the additional demand for masques and entertainments introduced with the new reign and fostered by both the king and his consort [3] Anne of Denmark.

In addition to his popularity on the public stage and in the royal hall, he enjoyed the patronage of aristocrats such as Elizabeth Sidney daughter of Sir Philip Sidney and Lady Mary Wroth. This connection with the Sidney family provided the impetus for one of Jonson's most famous lyrics, the country house poem To Penshurst.

Biography of ben jonson essay

That same year he was questioned by the Privy Council about Sejanusa politically themed play about corruption in the Roman Empire. He was again in trouble for topical allusions in a play, now lost, in which he took part. Shortly after his release from a brief spell of imprisonment imposed to mark the authorities' displeasure at the work, in the second week of Octoberhe was present at a supper party attended by most of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators.

After the plot's discovery he appears to have avoided further imprisonment; he volunteered what he knew of the affair to the investigator Robert Cecil and the Privy Council.

Ben Jonson - his life, work, and relationship with Shakespeare

Father Thomas Wright, who heard Fawkes's confession, was known to Jonson from prison in and Cecil may have directed him to bring the priest before the council, as a witness. Title page of The Workes of Beniamin Ionsonthe first folio publication that included stage plays At the same time, Jonson pursued a more prestigious career, writing masques for James's court.Ben Jonson Biography Playwright (c.

–) Playwright Ben Jonson (–) was a major force in Elizabethan and Jacobean theater, second only to William Shakespeare Aug 06, Ben Jonson: A Life by Ian Donaldson () Notes [ edit ] ^ Jonson's claim is interesting, since early printings of Shakespeare's work suggest that he tended to start a .

Biography of Ben Jonson Born in London, England around June 11, , Ben Jonson would learn the true meaning of tragedy at a tender young age (The Life of Ben Jonson).

Biography of Ben Jonson Born in London, England around June 11, , Ben Jonson would learn the true meaning of tragedy at a tender young age (The Life of Ben Jonson). Biography of Ben Jonson Born in London, England around June 11, , Ben Jonson would learn the true meaning of tragedy at a tender young age (The Life of Ben Jonson).

Jonson’s father was Protestant and sentenced to prison and deprived of his estate during the reign of Mary Tudor, who was Catholic.

Ben Jonson - Renaissance and Reformation - Oxford Bibliographies

Essay Editing Services; Literature Essays; College Application Essays Forgot your password? Sign Up. Log in with Facebook Home Jonson, Ben Biography of Ben Jonson. Born in early June of (probably the 11th) in London, Ben Jonson never knew his father, a minister, who had died two months before he was born.

Ben Jonson is far probably.

Ben Jonson Biography