Varieties of business ethics Many people engaged in business activity, including accountants and lawyers, are professionals.
Share on Facebook The behavioral approach to management focuses on human relations and employee well-being.
Rather than simply setting tasks and demanding that they be completed, the behavioral-style manager helps create conditions that keep workers satisfied and motivated.
Social factors and psychological motivations take on more importance than financial incentives. This approach assumes the worker wants to work, and that if the manager provides the right environment, productivity will follow. Daycare Companies that offer daycare for children of employees engage in behavioral management.
The idea is that if employees know their children are nearby and are well cared for, work can proceed with fewer distractions. This is an example of trusting that the employee wants to work and giving the employee a work environment that doesn't pit the job against family life.
Providing daycare is a behavioral approach to getting the most out of employees, because it focuses on employee satisfaction.
Employee Suggestion Box This electronic version of the suggestion box can give employees the sense that their ideas have value to the company.
Empowering employees to make suggestions and create initiatives is a behavioral approach because it helps employees enjoy their jobs and raise their self-esteem.
Management can monitor chat rooms and even join the conversation to encourage exploration of ideas. When enough people get behind a suggestion, management can meet with a delegation to discuss the possibilities.
Flex-time Scheduling Allowing employees to choose flexible schedules is a way of trying to respect individual needs and improve job satisfaction by concentrating on providing an accommodating workplace.
This can help a company retain employees and gain a reputation as a good place to work. Such a reputation may attract top talent.
Employees can choose their hours as long as they work a set number of hours per week. Flexible scheduling can even expand to allow employees to work from home several days a week. Positive Reinforcement The behavioral approach lends itself to positive reinforcement as a way to increase productivity.
Managers who use this style look for employees who are doing things right rather than employees who are doing things wrong. By pointing out the beneficial behavior and even rewarding it, the manager sends the signal that such behavior can help employees get ahead in the workplace.
As a side benefit, using positive reinforcement requires a manager to spend time among the workforce to observe. This promotes increased familiarity and has the potential to promote positive relations between employees and managers.Ethical Perspectives and Practices We live in hard times.
The era of “jobs, jobs, jobs” and all may help you determine if you take a foundational approach to ethics in your organizational life. and a renewed interest in organizational ethics, Friedman’s essay is very. Answer: This essay will discuss whether Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory and Allport’s trait approach should be classified as idiographic or nomothetic.
“The idiographic approach takes the view that we are unique individuals and should be studied as such.” (Abbott, p9) In contrast the nomothetic approach “attempts to unearth. The nomothetic approach emerged in the early 20 th century in response to a rapid boost of studies examining human temperament styles and personality traits.
The increase in personality scholarship underpinned the shift from the person-focused investigation to a process-oriented assessment.
A rules-based approach is effective for managing preventable risks, whereas strategy risks require a fundamentally different approach based on open and explicit risk discussions. Hybrid management in information systems refers to an integration of technological approaches into the organization, monitoring, research and management systems of a given business, company or organization that offers services or designs products for their clients.
Abstract. The apparent dichotomy between attempts to establish psychology on the basis of universal laws on the one hand, and psychology as an area that tries to concentrate on individual life courses on the other hand, has had a long tradition in philosophy.