Visit Website The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a rapidly escalating chain of events: Austria-Hungarylike many in countries around the world, blamed the Serbian government for the attack and hoped to use the incident as justification for settling the question of Serbian nationalism once and for all.
For 45 years Europe had been divided by the Iron Curtain.
Though tragic and often tense, the Cold War nonetheless imposed stability on Europe and allowed the western sector, at least, to prosper as never before.
The end of… These questions have acquired new importance as Europe has come to be more than a geographic expression. Unity in Europe is an ancient ideal. In a sense it was implicitly prefigured by the Roman Empire.
Later, a number of political theorists proposed plans for European union, and both Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler tried to unite Europe by conquest.
It was not until after World War II, however, that European statesmen began to seek ways of uniting Europe peacefully on a basis of equality instead of domination by one or more great powers.
Their motive was fourfold: Underlying this policy is the conviction that Europeans have more in common than divides them, especially in the modern world. By comparison with other continents, western Europe is small and immensely varied, divided by rivers and mountains and cut into by inlets and creeks.
It is also densely populated—a mosaic of different peoples with a multiplicity of languages. Very broadly and inadequately, its peoples can be sorted into Nordic, Alpine or Celtic, and Mediterranean types, and the bulk of their languages classified as either Romance or Germanic.
In this sense, what Europeans chiefly share is their diversity; and it may be this that has made them so energetic and combative.
Although uniquely favoured by fertile soils and temperate climates, they have long proved themselves warlike. Successive waves of invasion, mainly from the east, were followed by centuries of rivalry and conflict, both within Europe and overseas.
Yet Europeans have also been in the forefront of intellectualsocial, and economic endeavour. As navigators, explorers, and colonists, for a long time they dominated much of the rest of the world and left on it the impress of their values, their technology, their politics, and even their dress.
They also exported both nationalism and weaponry. Then, in the 20th century, Europe came close to destroying itself.
World War I cost more than 8 million European lives, World War II more than 18 million in battle, bombing, and systematic Nazi genocide —to say nothing of the 30 million who perished elsewhere.
As well as the dead, the wars left lasting wounds, psychological and physical alike. The burned child fears fire; and Europe had been badly burned. This article treats the history of European society and culture. For a discussion of the physical and human geography of the continentsee Europe.Many scholars still debate the underlying causes of World War I.
There are many things that contributed to the war. The causes and effects of the war changed the lives of many people. Many of the effects of the war are still evident in today. World War I began as a European conflict, only gradually did it develop into a world war (Ross, 6).
World War I also was a turning point in history. By , the world of lay in ruins and the map of Europe had changed to reflect the rise of national states in Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. World War I ended the Russian Empire and led to the rise of Communism. The First World War went down in history as one of the worst wars ever to be fought, owing to the magnitude of destruction and loss of life it left in its wake.
The war started in ending in , and has been described variously as the ï¿½Great Warï¿½, ï¿½the War of Nationsï¿½ and the ï¿½War to End All Warsï¿½. Additionally, the AP European History Test measures the following skills: • The ability to analyze historical evidence • The ability to express historical understanding in writing.
The College Board also believes that all students should have Long Essay Question. Introduction These sample exam questions were originally included in the AP European History Curriculum Framework, published in fall The AP European History Course and Exam Description.
Compare and contrast the U.S. reactions to World War I in with its reactiob to World war II on World War I started in the year The underlying causes of the war was the nationalism that was found throughout Europe in the 19th and 20th century.