Identifying the patterns of coping with school failure Variable centered approach focused on co-variations among variables is the predominant analytical strategy in stress and coping research. When trying to understand the behaviour of a complex and dynamic living system, many limitations of a strictly variable-centred approach exist and a typological or person-centred approach may overcome such limitations Magnusson, The main goal of this work is to investigate applicability of the typological approach to coping research and to classify the pupils according to the different coping patterns they use when confronted with an academic stressor.
It was based on the premise that ethics constitutes Psychology as an independent It was based on the premise that ethics constitutes Psychology as an independent knowledge, and, therefore, it matters to analyze the way that such theory deals with the problem of difference.
As a methodological perspective, it was adopted the Gadamerian hermeneutics, which assumes that every interpretation is also creation, since it is afusion of horizons between a reader full of preconceptions and authors.
Even though usually analyzed from a technical point of view, in this research it was understood that each of these phases also imply in ethical changes, so that the way the therapist addresses the client acquires new shapes, with moments of larger or smaller openness to alterity. During the non-directive phase, as long as Rogers trusts in the clarity that comes from the insight, and therefore keeps closed to the difference of the other, he also gives us conditions to point the presence of the Other of the ignorance, the Other of the narrative, the Other of affectation and the Other of the refraction.
During the reflexive phase, in its turn, Rogers moves away from alterity when he insists to be guided by a naturlistic a vitalist vision of human experience, assuming that it has a natural teleology.
However, he gets closer to alterity when the gives us the elements to think about the Other of the experience, the Other of acknowledgement, the Other inverted in His reflection and the Other of the relationship and of the contact.
About the experiential phase, Rogers opens a very little space to deal with the difference when he bets on a natural harmony ot the organism and on an education toward this harmony. At the same time, he increases the possibility of manifestation of alterity on the Other of the therapist, the Other of experiencing, the Other of incomprehension and the Other of ex-centric authenticity.
From an initial appreciation of acceptance, the theory advances toward an emphasis on understanding and, thus, on genuineness. Therefore, it can be said that the main factor in the alterity pictures and in its synthesis is the availability of both, therapist and client, in order to be in touch with the experience of the present and to be open to have it as the element that modifies their practices and conceptions about themselves and the Other.The most clear research evidence is that effective psychotherapy results from the resources of the client (extratherapeutic variables) and from the person to person relationship of the therapist and client.
The History of Person Centred Counselling Person Centred Counselling was developed by Carl R. Rogers (), a leading American psychologist who was along with Abraham Maslow a major theorist of Humanistic Therapy which developed in the It is sometimes called the third force distinct from psychoanalyzes and behaviourism.
Further Reading on Person-Centred Counselling Our annotated bibliography includes pointers to additional reading on this and other therapeutic approaches.
Mearns and Thorne () provide a very readable account of person-centred counselling, while Rogers () is a much more in-depth collection of papers.
Cultural Barriers In Person Centred Counselling And Psycodynamics “Person-Centred” Counselling Person-centred counselling is a form of therapy which allows the client to be at the core of their own therapy and make their own goals. For the person-centred approach to be effective a relationship built on trust must be formed between the .
Published: Mon, 5 Dec In this essay, the theory of person centred counselling and skills for best practice will be identified.
This will also show the use of my listening skills, use of the core conditions and how I manage the time boundaries of a session.
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