A man of vision, industry, and feeling, he made incalculable contributions to the knowledge of the Malay Archipelago and to the British overseas empire. Born on July 6,off the coast of Jamaica on board a ship under the command of his father, Benjamin Raffles, Stamford Raffles became a clerk in the office of the East India Company in London at the age of
A man of vision, industry, and feeling, he made incalculable contributions to the knowledge of the Malay Archipelago and to the British overseas empire. Born on July 6,off the coast of Jamaica on board a ship under the command of his father, Benjamin Raffles, Stamford Raffles became a clerk in the office of the East India Company in London at the age of In he was sent to Penang to serve as assistant secretary.
Prior to his departure he married a widow, Mrs. Olivia Fancourt, who died in On the trip out, Raffles studied the Malay Sir thomas stamford raffles intensively, and his proficiency in this then little-known language was remarked upon by those who came in contact with him.
Three years after his arrival his health broke, and he was sent to Malacca to recuperate. The East India Company was on the point of abandoning this port, but a report which Raffles prepared and in which he argued the superiority of Malacca over Penang as a potential port persuaded the company to rescind its order.
Java Annexation Lord Minto, the governor general of India, was so impressed with the report that he called Raffles on 2 months' leave to Calcutta. During his visit Raffles convinced Lord Minto of the necessity of annexing Java, then in French hands, and the governor general appointed him agent to the governor general of the Malay States.
Raffles then returned to Malacca and participated in preparations for the attack on Java.
In August a British fleet of some ships with an expeditionary force of about 12, men arrived off Batavia, and the city fell without a struggle.
Janssens retreated to Semarang on the north-central coast of Java; in September he capitulated to the British. Lord Minto thereupon appointed Raffles lieutenant general of Java and admonished him, "While we are in Java, let us do all the good we can.
He himself regarded his new land-tenure system, which prevented the native rulers from exacting feudal services, as the most solid accomplishment of his administration.
The lands which were withdrawn from the control of feudal rulers were leased on a short-term basis at a moderate rental and were assessed at the value of two-fifths of the rice crop, with the remainder of the yield free of assessment and the growers exempt from personal taxes.
In spite of his excellent intentions and superb knowledge of the people, their language, and their customs, Raffles was not able to make Java a profitable enterprise. His hope of turning Batavia into the hub of a new British insular empire was dashed, and when the Netherlands regained its independence, Lord Castlereagh vigorously opposed British retention of the Dutch holdings in the East.
Raffles sent in a report explaining the great importance of Java to Britain, but his failure to make Java financially viable, together with Britain's desire to conciliate the Dutch, militated against a reversal of Lord Castlereagh's decision, and in March Raffles was removed from office and recalled.
The following year he married Sophia Hull in London. His lasting contributions in Java can be seen in the fact that when the Dutch received this island back they adopted many of his reforms.
Marlborough or Benkoelenin southern Sumatra, where he assumed the residentship of this town. Farquhar, former British resident at Amboina, were on the lookout for a strategically situated way station in the Malay Archipelago which would play in the East the role Malta was playing in the West.
They arrived at an agreement with the Sultan of Johore, and on February 6 a treaty was signed marking the establishment of Singapore as a British settlement.Explorer and adventurer.
Founder of the city of Singapore, and also of the Zoological Society (London Zoo). An anti-slavery pioneer, he was refused burial inside the church at Hendon by the then vicar, whose family had made its money in the slave trade.
However when the . Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles and the British East India Company. Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles was born on a ship off the coast of Jamaica in His father was not very successful in the West Indies trade, but put what he could towards the education of young Thomas.
Stamford Raffles was an English administrator and traveler who oversaw the establishment of Singapore.
Born on a ship on July 6, , near Port Morant, Jamaica, Thomas Stamford Raffles went on to Born: Jul 06, Thomas Stamford Raffles was the founder of Singapore. In he planted the British flag on this jungle-covered island off the tip of the Malay peninsula – a dashing move, planned with the.
Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles is one of the key persons who are responsible to the founding of modern Singapore. He played an important role in forming a British Settlement, Singapore, in the Melaka straits despite facing rejections, such as Dutch or even resistance in London itself.
He is a. In the north choir aisle is a memorial statue to Sir (Thomas) Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore. It is a seated white marble life-sized figure.